Welcome to The Educating Parent Beverley Paine's archive of articles about homeschooling and unschooling written over a period of 30 plus years

HomeAboutAdvertiseArticles Curriculum Resource DirectoryShopKids PagesFacebook

Registration - State by State - Guides: VICNSWQLDSAWATASACTNT

Download our FREE The Educating Parent Resource Directories today!

Free download a quick guide to getting started with homeschooling and unschooling by Beverley Paine The Educating Parent in this excellent Resource Directory
Introduction to
Home Education

Free download Beverley's huge list of books about homeschooling and unschooling in her special edition of The Educating Parent Resource Directory
BIG List of Books
about Home Ed

Download for FREE this huge collection of links to online Australian homeschool and unschool support groups in this special The Educating Parent Resource Directory by Beverley Paine
National and State
Support Groups

Help support fellow home educating families earn a living or add your business to this very popular The Educating Parent Resource Directory by Beverley Paine
Home Educating
Families in Business

Over 80 blogs by Australian homeschooling and unschooling families are listed in this FREE The Educating Parent Resource Directory by Beverley Paine, download and email to add your blog to the list today
Aussie Homeschool
and Unschool Blogs

Looking for support, reassurance and information?
Join Beverley's The Educating Parents Homeschooling and Unschooling Facebook or Yahoo online groups.


What Skills Will My Child Learn from Studying Geography?

© Beverley Paine, August 2007

[this article forms part of a series on Geography you can buy as a Practical Homeschooling booklet from Always Learning Books]

Many of the skills we learn from geography we learn from other areas in life, such as asking targetted questions to elicit knowledge and understanding and to solve questions and inform us better about the issues that effect our lives.

Basically, geography a study of place: we find out as much as we can about a location so that we may live in harmony with that enviroment, utilise it's resources sustainably and efficiently, understand how others live there, or why they don't. Our curiosity as to why things are the way that they are helps to solve some of the many problems we may face in our lives. Examining and investigating the possible consequences of alternative courses of action leads to a better understanding of the situation under consideration. Understanding the geography of a location gives us concrete information we can use to devise constructive and sustainable solutions.

Asking questions is a key component of studying geography, as it is in most of the life sciences. Hand-in-hand with questions is speculation: speculating about possible answers gives rise to the development of hypotheses, which in turn, guide the search for information.

There are two types of general questions that are asked in geography: the "where" and "why there" of a problem. Both are important to solving or resolving issues. There are few issues in life which don't have a geographic component, largely because our environment affects us on every level of our being, especially socially.

The aim with teaching and studying geogrpahy is the acquisition of information about different locations, the physical and human characteristics of those locations, and how people use and interact with those places.

Through studying geography children gather information from a a variety of sources using a diverse range of methods, including primary and secondary sources. This enables them to describe, both quantitatively and and qualitatively. This involves collecting data from observation, interviews, questionnaires, fieldwork, collecting samples, reference material, statistics, and library research. The data is then systematically processed and interpreted to support or test a hypothesis in order to present solutions to problems, or to deepen the child's understanding.

Working in the field helps arouse curiosity. It also helps to bring relevance to the task, and makes the study of geography more enjoyable to most children. information can be displayed in ways that make sense and are meaningful both to the task and the child. Data is separated and classified in visual and graphic forms as well as written reports or projects. Visual displays can include photographs, aerial photos, graphs, cross sections, climagraphs, diagrams, tables, cartograms, and maps. Written information can often be presented at tables, spreadsheets, flow chart and time lines. Maps play a central role in geographic inquiry.

It takes skill and creativity to arrange geographic information to effectively communicate issues and solutions to others. These skills are transferrable across the curriculum. Design, color, graphics, scale, and clarity are important factors to determine when developing maps, graphs, charts and other visual presentations that best refelct the data. Presenting information using multi-media technologies is becoming an increasingly important skill to have as one moves into adult life. Choosing the best means of presenting answers to geographic questions is an important skill.

Cartography, or map making, lies at the heart of geography. The ability to read (decode) maps to collect information and analyse patterns and information is central. As children become more familiar with maps they are encouraged to make (encode) maps to organise information. These can be simple 'mud maps' or sketches, made on the spot during field work or to provide instant information. Or they can be complex maps, with legends and symbols relating to resources, landmarks, and other important information. Children need to become familiar with how to find locations using a variety of reference systems, orienting maps and finding directions, and using scales to determine distance.

In addition to organising information, thinking critically is an essential skill developed in the study of geography. Children are born with the ability to think critically and apart from recognising this great innate skill we can help them learn how to enhance and hone their ability. Analysing geographic information involves looking for and identifying patterns. Once patterns are noticed it's easy to begin to see the many relationships that link the various elements. The more connections we see the the easier it is to solve problems, as well as make sense of the world around us.

Interpreting the relationships from the patterns and processes allows us to synthesise the information into coherent explanations. This forms the basis of understanding. From there we can take the next step needed to solving problems and issues. The study of geography encourages children to notice and make associations and similarities between areas as well as recognize patterns, and to draw inferences from maps, graphs, diagrams, tables, and other sources. Using this and other sources of information they can then begin to identify trends, relationships, and sequences.

Through this inquiry based process, using either deductive or inductive reasoning, children arrive at generalisations and conclusions based on the data they have collected, observed and researched and then organised and analysed. As they become proficient geographers they are able to distinguish distinguish generalizations that apply at the local level from those that apply at the global level. These generalisations, backed by the evidence gathered, are used to help them solve problems, make decisions or form judgments.

No other subject impacts on the ability to participate in civil life as much as geography. Clear and effective communication skills, working together with a sound grasp of geogrpahical principles and abilities, enables the young adult to confidently participate in decisions that effect the entire community or nation. Understanding and having empathy for the many points of view, and a desire to explore the many possible outcomes and consequences, when thinking about an issue, is a skill that gradually builds throughout the study of geography.

In summary, it is essential that we help our children to develop the skills that will enable them to observe patterns, associations, and spatial order. This will mean making available and using tools and technologies that are part of the process of geographic inquiry, including maps, satellite-produced images, graphs, sketches, diagrams, photographs as well as charts, graphs, tables, spatial databases and spreadsheets. Geographic information systems make the process of presenting and analysing geographic information easier.

Geography skills will aid our children throughout life in many different ways. It is a relevant and important area of education that our children need regular and frequent exposure to on many levels, from spontaneous and informal learning opportunities to structured lessons and activities. It a wide and exciting subject that deals directly in a meaningful way with the world in which we live and as such is usually of high interest to children.

Was this article helpful? Was it worth $1.00 to you? Your gift of $1 or more helps to keep this site operating offering encouragement and reassurance to families wanting better outcomes for their children.

Thank you for your gift contribution!

Beverley Paine with her children, and their home educated children, relaxing at home.

Together with the support of my family, my aim is to help parents educate their children in stress-free, nurturing environments. In addition to building and maintaing this website, I continue to create and manage local and national home educating networks, help to organise conferences and camps, as well as write for, edit and produce newsletters, resource directories and magazines. I am an active supporter of national, state, regional and local home education groups.

"You've been an inspiration to me, I love the way
you really listen to people."

"Whenever I read your writing I always come away
with increased confidence in my ability to provide and
share a wonderful learning journey with my family!"

"Your guidance, understanding, support and words of
wisdom changed our lives. We now offer support and
organise many homeschooling events for others."

"Thank you once again for your prompt and friendly service.
I am convinced that your books are going to add
quality and peace of mind to my journey of teaching my kids
at home! Just from studying your website, until almost
2am in the morning, I 've been encouraged!"

"Thank you for all your many,many reassuring words
over many, many years. You probably don't know exactly how
valuable you are to the Australian Home Education community.
I've been reading your stuff for maybe 8 years or more now.
And I'm very grateful."

Want to learn how to write your own education plans to suit
your unique children's individual learning needs?

Looking for quality curriculum and teaching tips ?

Over 1000 reassuring and informative articles to help
build your confidence as an Educating Parent

Welcome to the World of Home Education and
Learning without School!

We began educating our children in 1985, when our eldest was five. In truth, we had helped them learn what they need to learn since they were born. I am a passionate advocate of allowing children to learn unhindered by unnecessary stress and competition, meeting developmental needs in ways that suit their individual learning styles and preferences. Ours was a homeschooling, unschooling and natural learning family! There are hundreds of articles on this site to help you build confidence as a home educating family. We hope that your home educating adventure is as satisfying as ours was! Beverley Paine

The information on this website is of a general nature only and is not intended as personal or professional advice. This site merges and incorporates 'Homeschool Australia' and 'Unschool Australia'.

To see the full range of Beverley Paine's books on homeschooling, unschooling and natural learning visit Always Learning Books

Tap into Beverley's experience through her books

"Your books, your blogs helped me beyond words...
they helped me to find comfort in knowing it is ok to choose
exactly what is best for my family." Nisha

"Your books and information are mind blowing and already
I am feeling good about this new experience." Diane

Connect with Beverley and ask questions
through her online The Educating Parents Homeschooling and Unschooling Facebook and Yahoo support groups.

purchase Beverley's practical and common sense books on homeschooling and unschooling
"Your guidance, understanding, support & words of wisdom changed our lives." Leslie

"I feel specially inspired by Beverley's words and, the more I read her comments, the more inspired I feel, since my need for support, respect for different parenting styles, and information are fully met." Marijo

Advertise with The Educating Parent

Teach Maths in the way that children learn with MathsUSee by MathsAustralia

30% discount for purchases from ReadyEd Publications when you use the code 'homeschool' at  the checkout

Help your child to learn how to play music with our app and children's books to them started - I Learning Music and Fun in the Music Room

Stocking all of Beverley Paine's, the educating parent's, books!

Click here for music lessons for students with autism and other needs Spectrum Music Studio

Click here for one month free trial Typing Tournament - learn to type the fun way

music lessons tailored to your home educating students needs in Joondalup Perth WA the only homeschool reading development which combines neurosciencebased exercises with voice recognition technology, platypus power reading program

click to go to the Sunshine Collective providing ‘Brilliant Boxes’ to families of pre-schoolers and primary school aged children, throughout Australia Click here to go to Learning Enrichment Studio Fostering Students Academic Potential

cover of Getting Started with Homeschooling by Beverley Paine DIY Getting Started with Home Schooling Pack
Beverley Paine's best selling comprehensive common sense manual detailing how to write your own curriculum tailored to your children's educational needs
PLUS 9 of Beverley's popular practical home educating series booklets!
Great value $60
Natural Learning
and Unschooling Pack

Each Pack contains a copy of the following:
Natural Learning
Natural Learning Answers
A5 or A4
Learning Naturally Diary
Learning Maths Naturally
A Sample Approved Natural Learning Program and Review

Only $29 or $33
Select A4 or A5 Diary

Home education is a legal alternative
to school education in Australia.
State and Territory governments are responsible
for regulating home education and have different
requirements, however home educating families
are able to develop curriculum and learning programs
to suit the individual needs of their children.

animated Australian flag

Without revenue from advertising
by educational suppliers and Google Ads
we could not continue to provide information
to home educators. Please support us by letting
our advertisers know that you found them on
The Educating Parent. Thanks!

Beverley's books are excellent for building confidence as a home educator says Tracey, homeschooling mum.

Support Centre
Contact Us | Join a Support Group | Beverley's Books | Resource Directory | Blog | Donate

About The Educating Parent
Beverley Paine | April Jermey and Always Learning Books | Advertise with us


What is Home Education Why Home Educate Getting Started & Registering Different Ways to Home Educate
Life as a Home Educator Resources & Support Teens and Beyond Curriculum and Teaching Tips
Unschooling & Natural Learning Travelling & Home Educating Other: just for fun, general, etc Children's Pages

animated smiling face Thank you for visiting!

Beverley Paine, The Educating Parent
The opinions and articles included on this website are not necessarily those of Beverley and Robin Paine,
nor do they endorse or recommend products listed in contributed articles, pages, or advertisements.
This website uses browsing cookies and conducts other means to collect user information in order to display contextual ads.
Site Map. Text and images on this site © All Rights Reserved 1999-2018.